The Schengen Agreement was signed on 14 June 1985 by five of the ten EC member states in the town of Schengen, Luxembourg. The Schengen Area was established separately from the European Communities, when consensus could not be reached among all EC member states on the abolition of border controls.
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The Schengen Area (English: /ˈʃɛŋən/ SHENG-ən, Luxembourgish: ˈʃæŋən) is an area comprising 26 European countries that have officially abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders. The area mostly functions as a single jurisdiction for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy. The area is named after the 1985 Schengen Agreement signed in Schengen, Luxembourg.
Of the 27 EU member states, 22 participate in the Schengen Area. Of the five EU members that are not part of the Schengen Area, four—Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania—are legally obliged to join the area in the future; Ireland maintains an opt-out, and instead operates its own visa policy. The four European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, are not members of the EU, but have signed agreements in association with the Schengen Agreement. Also, three European microstates—Monaco, San Marino, and the Vatican City — maintain open borders for passenger traffic with their neighbours, and are therefore considered de facto members of the Schengen Area due to the practical impossibility of travelling to or from them without transiting through at least one Schengen member country.
The Schengen Area has a population of almost 420 million people and an area of 4,312,099 square kilometres (1,664,911 sq mi). About 1.7 million people commute to work across an internal European border each day, and in some regions these people constitute up to a third of the workforce.
Each year, there are 1.3 billion crossings of Schengen borders in total. 57 million crossings are due to transport of goods by road, with a value of €2.8 trillion each year. The decrease in the cost of trade due to Schengen varies from 0.42% to 1.59% depending on geography, trade partners, and other factors. Countries outside of the Schengen Area also benefit. States in the Schengen Area have strengthened border controls with non-Schengen countries.
There are numerous countries that make up to Schengen and we shall provide you with the list of Schengen countries for 2022.
List Of Schengen Countries 2022
These are the complete list of the 26 Schengen countries for 2022.
- Czech Republic
After getting to know the list of Schengen Countries in 2022, it is now time to get all the Non Schengen countries of which few to mention are Cyprus, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria.
Non Schengen Countries In 2022
The countries outside of the Schengen Zone but are legally obliged to join as members of the European Union at some point in the future are: Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Cyprus.
Although there are over 26 countries that contribute to Schengen Area, that include most nations in mainland Europe – but not every European state is found of the area where border checks have been abolished. Countries we associate with Europe that aren’t in the Schengen Zone include Eastern European states like:
- United Kingdom
Bosnia & Herzegovina,
As part of the List Of Schengen Countries 2022, we have included the list of non Schengen countries from Latest Ghana.
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