In modern-day Ghana, there are four main ethnic groups: Ewe, Guan, Ga-Adangbe, and Akan. These groups have subgroups that share a common history and cultural tradition. The colonialists used these similarities to form boundaries that now mark states across the country.
People from this ethnic groups in group are;Akan, Dagaaba, Krobo, Hausa, Nzema, Zarma, Mossi, Abidji, Tallensi, Ewe, Guang, Abron, Mamprusi, Abutia, Tabom, Ahafo, Gurunsi, Ashanta, Wala, Akyem, Kusasi, Anlo Ewe, Kyode, Anyi, Konkomba, Assin, Nanumba, Avatime, Bimoba, Frafra, Bissa, Soninke, Chumburu, Chumburung, Dagomba, Tshi, Dyula, Evalue, Gonja, Fante, Ga-Adangbe, Jakhanke, Ewe, Karamogo, Agave, Kassena, Logba, Nafana, Yoruba, Nuna, Peki (Krepi), Tem, Efutu, and Yeji
List Of All Ethnic Groups In Ghana
Ghana is home to two main ethnic groups: the Kwa and Gur. The Kwa group, which comes from the Niger-Congo family, is located on the southern side of Volta River; while the Gur group, also part of the Niger-Congo family, is on the northern side of Volta River.
The Kwa linguistic group is in south Volta and consists of the Akan, Ewe, and Ga-Adangbe. This group makes up 75% of Ghana’s population. The Akan group further narrows down to Fante, Asante, Akyem, Ahanta, Akwamu, Bono, Safwi, Akwapim, and Kwahu.
Ga-Adangbe is a group of languages that contains five major dialects: Ga, Ada, Adangbe, Kloli, and Krobo. Although Ewe is a single language group, it is separated into Tafi (or Tawfi), Nkonya (or Nkonni), Lolobi (or Lolo), Likpe, and Sontrokofi.
The Gur is an ethnic group in Ghana. They consist of the Grusi, Gurma, and Mole-Dangbane. Like other groups in Ghana, the Gur have subdivisions based on dialects and traditions.
Check out the list of all the ethnic groups in Ghana
The Akan people are the most well-known ethnic group in Ghana. They make up more than 20 million of the total population and live primarily in Ghana, with some living on Ivory Coast. The Ashanti (also Asante) is one of many sub-groups of the Akan people. They were a powerful empire that resisted British colonizers for years before finally becoming a tribe on their own.
This is the second biggest ethnic gathering in Ghana and is involved a wide range of sub-gatherings, like the Dagomba, Mamprusi, and Mossi. It is likewise probably the most established realm of individuals in the country. They live generally in northern Ghana and furthermore cross into Burkina Faso and Togo. The practices and culture of this gathering are vigorously attached to drumming and oral customs and are additionally interwoven with Islam. Oral practices say that they relocated to the space from the upper east of Lake Chad. These oral accounts recount the narrative of Tohazie, the “Red Warrior,” who moved with a band of heroes across present-day northern Nigeria. It was his descendants that happened to establish the realms of the Mole-Dagbani individuals.
With around 5 million individuals spread all through Togo, Ghana, and Benin, the Ewe public are the third biggest ethnic gathering in Ghana. It’s accepted that they began around the line of Benin and Nigeria and were grounded in their present region by the thirteenth century. Unlike the Akans, they have generally would not help the convergence of force. Ewes in Ghana are generally in the Volta district, south and east of the Volta River, with numerous additionally in Accra. The customary Ewe religion, voodoo, might be natural to a few and was brought to North America through the transoceanic slave exchange. Ewe’s are additionally the originators of Ghana’s renowned kente material.
Gathered in the Greater Accra Region with some venturing into Togo, the Ga number around 2 million individuals. Maybe they relocated from present-day Nigeria to the Accra fields and by the mid-sixteenth century had a grounded exchanging framework. It’s conceivable that the Ga public has some chronicled connection to Jews, with some exploration showing that they might have relocated south from Mesopotamia to introduce day Uganda then west through Cameroon, Nigeria, and onto their current area. Certain individuals highlight the similitude of the ceremonies of their yearly celebration Homowo to Passover customs as additional proof. These ceremonies incorporate eating unleavened bread and painting red dirt around entryway outlines; the celebration praises enduring starvation and in a real sense signifies “hoot at hunger.”
It’s accepted that the Guan group were the primary pilgrims of Ghana, having relocated from the north before the eleventh century. The Guan public is dispersed all through the area and a significant number of them absorbed into the other significant ethnic gatherings as they showed up. Winneba, where I reside, is populated by the Effutu public, a sub-gathering of the Guan. Our well-known yearly celebration, Aboakyer, is to pay tribute to one of the Guan divine beings, Penkye-Otu.
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